The history of violence as a public health issue when and how violence was recognized as a matter for nationaland then globalpublic health intervention violence is now clearly recognized as a public health problem, but just 30 years ago the words violence and health were rarely used in the same sentence. Adolescent substance use, addiction, and treatment. Surgeon general 2001 concurs with all of these points, and indicates that a number of very popular programs that fail to take a contextual approach must be regarded as ineffective at best, and may sometimes even be harmful. Surgeon general julius richmond and others at antismoking exhibit. Risk and direct protective factors for youth violence results. Conference of mayors adopted a resolution calling youth violence a public health crisis and urged the. John maa on his proposal for a surgeon generals report on firearm injuries and violence that could change the u. No suburban, or rural, is immune from its devastating effects. Several common reasons for violence were found among both boys and girls. The new report includes new evidence on the health benefits of smoking cessation over the last 3 decades. This report, the first surgeon generals report on youth violence in the united states, summarizes an extensive body of research and seeks to clarify seemingly. Understanding school violence fact sheet 2016 school violence is youth violence that occurs on. Youth violence refers to harmful behaviors that can start early and continue into young adulthood. A report of the surgeon general, the first lines of the preface read as follows.
Surgeon generals perspectives public health reports marchapril 2009 volume 124 189 mental health matters mental health and wellness are essential to overall health. Surgeon general s workshop on violence and public health report leesburg, virginia, october 2729, 1985. A report of the surgeon general youth violence is a highvisibility, highpriority concern in every sector of u. The surgeon generals report firmly establishes addiction as a preventable chronic medical condition, in the same vein of other chronic health conditions, such as cancer, diabetes, and hivaids. In the decade extending from roughly 1983 to 1993, an epidemic of violent, often lethal behavior broke out in this. World report on violence and health world health organization. However, funding for prevention of substance use, misuse, and addiction has been disproportionate to prevention. Effect of television violence on children and youth jama.
Chapters of the report cover neurobiology, prevention, treatment, recovery, health systems integration, and recommendations for the future. Chapter 3 producing the surgeon general s report from 19642014 98. Preventing violence in california volume 1 cdph ca. The reports of the surgeon general on the adverse health consequences of smoking triggered nationwide efforts to prevent tobacco use.
The presentation was produced by the substance abuse and mental health services. The time is long past due for a major, organized cry of protest from the medical profession in relation to what, in political terms, i consider a national scandal. Surgeon generals report, healthy people identifies control of stress and violent behavior as one of 15 priorities for the next decade source. In directing the surgeon general to prepare a scholarly report that would summarize what research can tell us about the magnitude, causes, and prevention of youth violence, president clinton sought a public health perspec. Find out how the office of the surgeon general is applying the science of public health to the treatment and prevention of youth violence. Violence is more likely to be reported among aian families, both as an element of abuse andor neglect and in general 24.
Surgeon general33 have issued statements highlighting the. The young person can be a victim, an offender, or a witness to the violence. This surgeon general s report on alcohol, drugs, and health addresses the prevalence of alcohol, illicit drugs, and prescription drug misuse in the united states. Aug 23, 2019 youth violence is a problem that affects our entire nation, not just inner cities or any single segment of our society. Learn about the latest data and evidence outlining the health benefits of smoking cessation. It identifies and quantifies factors, in particular settings of combinations, that increase the probability that violence will occur. The office of the surgeon general has also raised the visibility of efforts to prevent child maltreatment. Youth use of tobacco products in any form is unsafe, irrespective of whether it is smoked, smokeless, or electronic. Home surgeon generals report on alcohol, drugs, and health. This report, the first surgeon general s report on youth violence in the united states, summarizes an extensive body of research and seeks to clarify seemingly contradictory trends, such as the discrepancies noted above between official records of youth violence and young peoples selfreports of violent behaviors.
In directing the surgeon general to prepare a scholarly report that would summarize what research can tell us about the magnitude, causes, and prevention of youth violence, president clinton sought a public health perspective on the problem to complement the extraordinary work and achievements in this area that continue to be realized through the efforts of our criminal and juvenile justice. The nature of newspaper coverage of homicide injury prevention. This section of the youth violence report lists descriptions of specific programs that meet standards for model and promising categories. However, elliott subsequently reported that the surgeon generals staff had decided against his advice, according to the authors to drop the mediaviolence section from the youthviolence report and, instead, simply to discuss media violence in another section of the overall report as one risk factor to be considered. Smoking cessationprogress, barriers, and new opportunities. Department of health and human services, november 2016. The immediate impetus for this surgeon generals report on youth violence was the columbine high school tragedy that occurred in colorado in april 1999. This report is the initial issue of a planned series on the public health. The surgeon general s report on youth violence is an authoritative source of information from scholars, scientists, analysts, and policy makers on the magnitude, causes, and prevention of youth violence. Fact sheet 2016 centers for disease control and prevention. The research findings regarding each of these issues are summarized, as well as the controversial 1972 surgeon general s report, television and social behavior. In directing the surgeon general to prepare a scholarly report that would summarize what research can tell us about the magnitude, causes, and prevention of youth violence, president clinton sought a public health perspective on the problem to complement the extraordinary work and achievements in this area that continue to be realized through.
The surgeon general s report for kids about smoking. Everett koop salutes the grave of the late surgeon general luther terry. Chapter 3 producing the surgeon generals report from 19642014 98. The surgeon general s 2001 report on youth violence u. Editorial science, politics, and violence in the media. Spotlight on opioids from the surgeon generals report, in order to provide opioidrelated information in one, easytoread document. The surgeon generals report on youth violence, released in january 2001, notes that youth violence is a serious public health issue that affects millions of children and their families. The surgeon general has focused the nation s attention on important public health issues. Although spotlight on opioids does not include new scientific information, it provides the latest data on prevalence of substance use, opioid misuse, opioid use disorders, opioid overdoses, and related harms. The surgeon generals report on alcohol, drugs, and health. Youth violence is a problem that affects our entire nation, not just inner cities or any single segment of our society. After the 1972 surgeon generals report television and growing up. Firearm injuries and violence prevention the potential. Promoting alternative thinking strategies program summary the.
A recently released report on youth violence by the u. A young person can be a victim, a perpetrator, or a witness of school violence. Further requests the directorgeneral to present a report to the ninety ninth session of the executive. In 1979, the surgeon generals report, healthy people, documented the dramatic gains made in the. It describes research identifying and clarifying the factors that increase the. Department of health and human services, office of adolescent health, in collaboration with the interagency working group on youth programs and boston university school of medicine assistant professor of medicine and pediatrics and medical director of the addiction treatment clinic for teens and young adults at boston medical center sarah bagley, developed a video about addressing.
Reports of the surgeon general profiles in science. The surgeon generals report on alcohol, drugs, and health, office of the surgeon general, u. Further requests the directorgeneral to present a report to the ninetyninth session of the executive. Information is a powerful tool, and this surgeon generals report is an authoritative source of information.
However, there are indications that preconceived ideas and perhaps extrascienti. It is the first such report released by the surgeon general on the health consequences alcohol and drug misuse. It is the 33rd report of the surgeon general on tobacco. Surgeon generals report on alcohol, drugs, and health. Find links to data, infographics, reports and other resources. Reports of the surgeon general profiles in science search. Department of health and human services, 2001 reported a list of schoolbased violence prevention programs as model or encouraging programs, such as the seattle social development project, families and schools together fast track, the paths promoting alternative thinking strategies. We examine the connection between these cultural concepts and the risk and protective factors described in the 2001 surgeon general s report on youth violence, and present a summary table with cultural risk and protective factors for violence prevention. Surgeon generals report on youth violence was released, the section on media violence was missing. Behavioral strategies for constructing nonviolent cultures.1466 1217 200 865 316 997 1147 1298 1247 497 207 1249 699 136 100 945 1462 606 672 1039 1115 1367 778 5 1219 722 109 275 697 551 1403 650 778 1199 48 1122